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Chemistry

Course name: Chemistry
ECTS: 5
Language of instruction: Polish/English
Teaching methods/load: Lecture (15h / semester), Exercises (15h / semester)
Teacher responsible: Mariusz Mazurek, PhD

Prerequisites
The basics of general chemistry, writing skills of inorganic and organic compounds designs

Description of learning outcomes

  • General presentation of concepts, definitions and issues needed to acquire the basic knowledge of chemistry and understanding of other subjects and problems of this.
  • The ability to use of knowledge to describe any physico-chemical processes and identify sources of danger in the field of chemical safety.
  • Introduce students to the basics of chemical calculations for the main topics of the lectures and solving the selected tasks.

Content:

  • INTRODUCTION - The essence of chemistry, its types and applications. Basic concepts of chemistry. Physical and chemical properties of the substances.
    STRUCTURE of MATTER - The elementary particles. The formation of the chemical elements. Electron structure of the hydrogen atom. Atomic orbitals. Elemental composition of different backgrounds in nature.
  • THE PERIODIC TABLE - The law of periodicity. Main group elements of the period. Properties of the elements and their isotopes. The use of selected chemical elements. Uranium and its compounds. The boundaries of matter.
  • CHEMICAL BONDS - The models of molecular orbitals for molecules. Ionic, covalent and coordinate bonds. The shapes of molecules. Construction of macroscopic systems: gases, liquids and solids. Basics of laws.
  • CHEMICAL REACTIONS - Formula weight. Chemical equations and their balancing. Specific chemical reactions. Oxidation and reduction. Heat of reaction.
  • REACTION RATES AND CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM The factors affecting on the rate of the reaction. The reactions of first and higher order. The mechanism of the reaction. Rule de Le Chatelier's. The driving force of chemical reactions.
  • ACIDS AND BASES - Strength of acid and base. Bronsted-Lowry theory. Acid dissociation constants. Some properties of acids and bases. Reactions of acids and bases. Problem of pH. Buffers.
  • SORPTION PHENOMENA - The definition of the sorption process (absorption, adsorption, desorption, chemisorption). Basic types of adsorbents (activated charcoal, aluminium oxide, zeolites, silica gel). Characteristics of porous bodies. Kinetics of adsorption and desorption. Sorption processes.
  • DANGEROUS CHEMICALS - Inorganic substances (carbon oxides, nitrogen, sulphur, heavy metals, chlorine, fluorine, fibers and mineral particles, radioactive isotopes). Organic harmful substances (petroleum, alkanes, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, pesticides, organo, siarkoorganiczne, organophosphorus, combat toxic agents). The lethal dose of chemicals. The selected values of toxic doses. Chemical processes of elimination of contamination. Decontamination solutions.
  • ORGANIC CHEMISTRY - Basic concepts. The naming of compounds according to IUPAC international nomenclature. Types of bonds in organic compounds. Shape and models of molecules.
  • HYDROCARBONS - Sources of organic compounds. Structures compounds. Hydrocarbons: alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes. Physical and chemical properties. The method for obtaining of the aliphatic hydrocarbons. Some important hydrocarbons.
  • GEOMETRY AND STREOISOMERISM - The basic concepts (isomers, chirality, conformation). The relationship between the structure of compounds and the number of isomers. Properties of the isomers. Optical activity of compounds. Chirality center and enantiomers. Optical activity.
  • AROMATIC COMPOUNDS - Construction of aromatic hydrocarbons. Nomenclature of benzene derivatives. Physical properties. Reaction of aromatic compounds. The mechanism of chemical reactions. Important aromatic hydrocarbons. Heterocyclic compounds.
  • SELECTED ORGANIC COMPOUNDS - Functional groups. Alcohols, phenols, ethers, aldehydes, ketones, organic acids, esters, amines, and polymers. Nomenclature and properties of compounds. The method for obtaining the compounds and their reactivity. Important organic compounds and their properties.
  • BIOMOLECULES - Carbohydrates. Lipids. Proteins. Amino acids. The structure of proteins. Models 3- and 4-D. The basic biochemical processes. Photosynthesis. The mechanism of action of enzymes. Deactivation of enzymes. The secret of life. Methods of QSAR.
  • CHEMICAL CALCULATIONS - chemical reactions of oxides, acids, bases and salts. Balancing of chemical equations. The equation of oxidation and reduction. The use of fundamental chemical laws, eg. the state of the gas. Solution concentrations. Mixing solutions of different concentrations.
  • COMBUSTION PROCESSES - Theoretical bases of combustion processes. The chemical reactions. The mechanism of combustion of fuels: solid, liquid and gas. The products of combustion. Harmful compounds created in the process of combustion.

Pliki do pobrania

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